Popularly called as the land of the red river and blue hills, Assam is the gateway to the northeastern part of India. Situated between 90-96 degree East Longitute and 24-28 degree North Latitude, Assam is bordered in the North and East by the Kingdom of Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh. Along the south lies Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram. Meghalaya lies to her South-West, Bengal and Bangladesh to her West.
The major modes of transportation in Assam are roadways, railways, airways and inland waterways.
Assam has total road length of approximately 69,000 kms. covering both metalled and non-metalled surfaces. That accounts for approximately 60% of the total road length in the North-east. The major towns in the state are connected by National Highways.
The total rail route length is approximately 2435.13 kms. Assam has a convenient railway network connecting the state to the rest of the country. Within the State, all the major towns like Dibrugarh, Tinsukia, Jorhat, Nagaon, Guwahati, Tezpur, Barpeta, Bongaigaon etc. are well connected by the railway network.
The Lokapriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport at Guwahati is 18 km from the city centre and is well connected to New Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai. Indian Airlines, Air Sahara, Jet Airways, Air Deccan, Kingfisher Airlines, SpiceJet and Indigo fly operate regular flights to and from Guwahati. Air India also operates an international weekly flight between Bangkok and Guwahati. There are also regular intra-state air services connecting the six civil airports (Guwahati, Tezpur, Jorhat, Dibrugarh, Silchar & North Lakhimpur) of the state.
The largest of the northeastern states of India, the land of unexplored opportunities welcomes you to its land of plenty.
Both the Central and State Governments are attaching a great deal of importance to create an investment friendly climate in the state and are offering a whole range of subsidies and incentives to set up industrial units in the state with the Central Government earmarking 10% of Union Development Budget for North East India.
Assam is rich in natural resources, minerals, forests and water and has vast tracts of fertile land. It is primarily an agrarian economy, with 74% of it's population engaged in agriculture and allied activities. Cereals like paddy, wheat and plantation crops like tea are grown extensively. Amongst mineral resources, oil takes the top place. Oil was first struck more than one hundred years ago and the oil well of Digboi and other areas is a major source of fuel for not only the North-East but for the country as a whole.
The economy of Assam can be broadly divided into three sectors- Primary (agriculture, mining etc.) secondary (manufacturing) and tertiary (services like electricity, water, trade, finance, banking, telecommunication etc).